An employer may grant calamity leave or emergency leave to employees for circumstances such as typhoon, flooding or other unforeseen circumstances.
- What is Calamity Leave or Emergency Leave?
- Government and private sector work rules on days with difficult weather conditions
- Compensation for work on days with difficult weather conditions
What is Calamity Leave or Emergency Leave?
For government employees, 5 days special emergency leave shall be granted to those directly affected by natural calamity or disaster.
For employees in private sector, it is part of the employer’s discretion to grant emergency leave or calamity leave. Such leave benefit is not covered in the Labor Code of the Philippines. However, most employers do provide calamity leave or emergency leave for unforeseen circumstances. In such circumstances, the entitlement and availment of the leave benefit shall be in accordance with the company’s policy.
What is the rule on cancellation or suspension of work due to typhoons or other calamities?
For classes and work in government offices, the following shall apply:
- When Signal No. 1 is raised by PAGASA, classes at the pre-school level, in the affected area, shall be automatically cancelled or suspended.
- When Signal No. 2 is raised by PAGASA, classes at the pre-school, elementary and secondary levels, in the affected area, shall be automatically cancelled or suspended.
- When Signal No. 3 or higher is raised by PAGASA, classes at pre-school, elementary, secondary, and tertiary levels, in the affected area, including graduate school, as well as work in all government offices, shall be automatically cancelled or suspended.
*In accordance with Executive Order No. 66, s. 2012
For work in private sector:
It is up to the employer’s discretion to suspend or cancel the work for the day. However, the government may also order the cancellation or suspension of work in view of a serious impending natural disaster. On such declared no-work day, the general applicable pay rule is ‘no work, no pay’, unless there is a favorable company policy, practice, or collective bargaining agreement (CBA) granting payment of wages on the said day.
Is there additional compensation for work done during inclement weather or natural calamities?
For employees who reported to work, that day of work is considered a normal working day. The employer is not obligated to provide additional compensation for that day of work, unless provided for under a company policy, practice, or other agreement. Instead, employers shall ensure the safety of their employees by providing free transportation, food, personal protective equipment and first-aid medicines, as may be necessary.